The passive voice is used when focusing on the person or thing affected by an action.
- The Passive is formed: Passive Subject + To Be + Past ParticpleThe house was built in 1989.
- It is often used in business when the object of the action is more important than those who perform the action. For Example:
We have produced over 20 different models in the past two years. Changes to: Over 20 different models have been produced in the past two years.
- If the agent is important (the person, company or thing that does the action) , use "by" For Example: Tim Wilson wrote "The Flight to Brunnswick" in 1987. Changes to:"The Flight to Brunnswick" was written in 1987 by Tim Wilson.
- Only verbs that take an object can be used in the passive voice.
Passive Voice Structure
|They make Fords in Cologne.||Fords are made in Cologne.|| Present Simple |
|Susan is cooking dinner.||Dinner is being cooked by Susan|| Present Continuous |
|James Joyce wrote "Dubliners".||"Dubliners" was written by James Joyces.|| Past Simple |
|They were painting the house when I arrived.||The house was being painted when I arrived.|| Past Continuous |
|They have produced over 20 models in the past two years.||Over 20 models have been produced in the past two years.|| Present Perfect |
|They are going to build a new factory in Portland.||A new factory is going to be built in Portland.|| Future Intention with Going to |
|I will finish it tomorrow.||It will be finished tomorrow.||Future Simple|